KLEIN, YVES (1928–1962), painter and judo expert. Klein was born in Nice. He first became a jazz musician and then went to Paris to study judo in which he became an expert. In Paris he met the French artists Arman and Pascal, and as a result began experimenting with painting and collage techniques. He traveled extensively, became a teacher at the National Spanish Judo Federation, Madrid, and opened his own judo school in Paris in 1955. By this time Klein was established as one of the most eclectic and daring younger European artists. In 1956 he figured in the "Festival of Avant-Garde Art" in Marseilles alongside Agam, Soto, and Tinguely. The following year he inaugurated his famous "blue period," in which both paintings and sculptures were only in this color. Klein was one of the most brilliant and influential members of the post-war school of "anti-art" protagonists. His ideas and philosophy stemmed directly from the informality and gestural "magic" which originated with Marcel Duchamp. He sought to bring back excitement and freedom into art, and at the same time to make it more "real," and more meaningful to ordinary people. In addition to his preference for monochrome canvases, he used live nude figures, daubed with paint, to make impressions   on a flat space; he also introduced photographic conceptualism and everyday objects in the art statement. He was one of the founders of the "New Realism" movement which included artists like Arman, Rauschenberg, Tinguely. Since his death Klein has been rediscovered and reclaimed as one of the major artists of the century. (Charles Samuel Spencer)

Encyclopedia Judaica. 1971.

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  • Klein, Yves — born April 28, 1928, Nice, Fr. died June 6, 1962, Paris French painter, sculptor, and performance artist. With no formal artistic training, he began in the mid 1950s to exhibit nonobjective paintings in which a canvas was uniformly covered in a… …   Universalium

  • Klein, Yves — (1928 1962)    painter    Yves Klein, who was a leading member of the neo dadist movement and, with others, founded Nouveau Réalisme, was born in Nice. At the beginning of his career he tried to impose an absolutist vision of color, creating… …   France. A reference guide from Renaissance to the Present

  • Klein, Yves — (28 abr. 1928, Niza, Francia–6 jun. 1962, París). Pintor, escultor y artista performático francés. Sin formación artística formal, a mediados de la década de 1950 comenzó a exponer pinturas no figurativas en las que la tela estaba uniformemente… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • KLEIN (Y.) — KLEIN YVES (1928 1962) Une des personnalités les plus marquantes et les plus controversées de l’après guerre. La vie, les œuvres et les écrits de ce peintre ont suscité un certain malaise. Pourtant, Klein semble avoir été animé par des… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Yves Arman — Yves Arman, born Yves Fernandez on September 18th 1954 in Nice, died on February 15th 1989, in Sarragosa, Spain. Yves was an art dealer, collector, and writer. The son of French born American artist Arman, and French composer Eliane Radigue, Yves …   Wikipedia

  • Yves Arman — Yves Arman, né Yves Fernandez le 18 septembre 1954 à Nice et décédé le 15 février 1989, à Saragosse en Espagne, est un collectionneur et marchand d art, photographe et écrivain. Biographie Fils de l artiste franco américain Arman, et de la… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Klein — Klein, Lawrence * * * (as used in expressions) Klein, Calvin (Richard) Klein, Melanie Klein, Yves …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Yves Klein — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Klein. Yves Klein, né à Nice le 28 avril 1928, mort à Paris le 6 juin 1962, est un artiste français (peinture, performance). Malgré une carrière artistique assez courte (1954 1962), il est… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Yves — (as used in expressions) Bonnefoy Yves Cousteau Jacques Yves Klein Yves Montand Yves Saint Laurent Yves Henri Donat Mathieu Tanguy Yves Lafayette Marie Joseph Paul Yves Roch Gilbert du Motier marquis de * * * …   Universalium

  • Yves — (as used in expressions) Bonnefoy, Yves Cousteau, Jacques Yves Klein, Yves Lafayette, Marie Joseph Paul Yves Roch Gilbert du Motier, marqués de Montand, Yves Saint Laurent, Yves (Henri Donat Mathieu) Tanguy, Yves …   Enciclopedia Universal

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